Sunday, November 25, 2012

user event in libevent

libevent is usually used as substitution for select system call to write efficient and portable code. A benefit of libevent is, besides normal fd, it enables monitoring signal, timeout and user supplied event in a consistent manner. Typically, the code makes use of libevent has the below structure:
libevent_code_structure
In the final step, we call event_base_dispatch function which will run a loop on current thread until there is no more events to handle. Since the thread is busy running the loop, if we want to active an user event, we must do it in a new thread. We should notice that in libevent, we must explicitly set threading support via the evthread_use_pthreads or evthread_use_windows_threads, and we should call evthread_make_base_notifiable function so that event_base can be notified by events on another thread. So, in order to use user event, we need to following things:
  1. Create an event struct for user event, and add it to the event_base
  2. Prepare threading for event_base by calling evthread_use_pthreads/evthread_use_windows_threads and evthread_make_base_notifiable
  3. Start a new thread, and monitor if the user event should be fired
  4. Call event_active on the user event if the firing condition has been satisfied The structure is shown below:
libevent_user_event_code_structure
And here is sample code.
  1 /*
  2   This exmple program provides a trivial server program that listens for TCP
  3   connections on port 9995.  When they arrive, it writes a short message to
  4   each client connection, and closes each connection once it is flushed.
  5 
  6   Where possible, it exits cleanly in response to a SIGINT (ctrl-c).
  7 */
  8 
  9 
 10 #include <string.h>
 11 #include <errno.h>
 12 #include <stdio.h>
 13 #include <signal.h>
 14 #ifndef _WIN32
 15 #include <netinet/in.h>
 16 # ifdef _XOPEN_SOURCE_EXTENDED
 17 #  include <arpa/inet.h>
 18 # endif
 19 #include <sys/socket.h>
 20 #endif
 21 #include <pthread.h>
 22 
 23 #include <event2/bufferevent.h>
 24 #include <event2/buffer.h>
 25 #include <event2/listener.h>
 26 #include <event2/util.h>
 27 #include <event2/event.h>
 28 #include <event2/thread.h>
 29 
 30 static const char MESSAGE[] = "Hello, World!\n";
 31 
 32 static const int PORT = 9995;
 33 
 34 static void listener_cb(struct evconnlistener *, evutil_socket_t,
 35     struct sockaddr *, int socklen, void *);
 36 static void conn_readcb(struct bufferevent *, void *);
 37 static void conn_writecb(struct bufferevent *, void *);
 38 static void conn_eventcb(struct bufferevent *, shortvoid *);
 39 static void signal_cb(evutil_socket_t, shortvoid *);
 40 
 41 static struct event* init_user_event(struct event_base*);
 42 static void* user_event_proc(void*);
 43 
 44 int main(int argc, char **argv) {
 45     struct event_base *base;
 46     struct evconnlistener *listener;
 47     struct event *signal_event, *user_event;
 48     pthread_t th;
 49 
 50     struct sockaddr_in sin;
 51     int rc = 0;
 52 #ifdef _WIN32
 53     WSADATA wsa_data;
 54     WSAStartup(0x0201, &wsa_data);
 55 #endif
 56 
 57     base = event_base_new();
 58     if (!base) {
 59         fprintf(stderr"Could not initialize libevent!\n");
 60         return 1;
 61     }
 62 
 63     evthread_use_pthreads();
 64     if (evthread_make_base_notifiable(base)<0) {
 65         printf("Couldn't make base notifiable!");
 66         return 1;
 67     }
 68     memset(&sin, 0sizeof(sin));
 69     sin.sin_family = AF_INET;
 70     sin.sin_port = htons(PORT);
 71 
 72     listener = evconnlistener_new_bind(base, listener_cb, (void *)base,
 73         LEV_OPT_REUSEABLE|LEV_OPT_CLOSE_ON_FREE, -1,
 74         (struct sockaddr*)&sin,
 75         sizeof(sin));
 76 
 77     if (!listener) {
 78         fprintf(stderr"Could not create a listener!\n");
 79         return 1;
 80     }
 81 
 82     signal_event = evsignal_new(base, SIGINT, signal_cb, (void *)base);
 83 
 84     if (!signal_event || event_add(signal_event, NULL)<0) {
 85         fprintf(stderr"Could not create/add a signal event!\n");
 86         return 1;
 87     }
 88     user_event = init_user_event(base);
 89     pthread_create(&th, NULL, user_event_proc, user_event);
 90 
 91     /*rc = event_base_loop(base, EVLOOP_NO_EXIT_ON_EMPTY);*/
 92     event_base_dispatch(base);
 93 
 94     evconnlistener_free(listener);
 95     event_free(signal_event);
 96     event_free(user_event);
 97     event_base_free(base);
 98 
 99     printf("done\n");
100     return 0;
101 }
102 
103 static void listener_cb(struct evconnlistener *listener, evutil_socket_t fd,
104     struct sockaddr *sa, int socklen, void *user_data) {
105     struct event_base *base = (struct event_base*)user_data;
106     struct bufferevent *bev;
107 
108     bev = bufferevent_socket_new(base, fd, BEV_OPT_CLOSE_ON_FREE);
109     if (!bev) {
110         fprintf(stderr"Error constructing bufferevent!");
111         event_base_loopbreak(base);
112         return;
113     }
114     bufferevent_setcb(bev, conn_readcb, conn_writecb, conn_eventcb, NULL);
115     bufferevent_enable(bev, EV_WRITE);
116     bufferevent_enable(bev, EV_READ);
117 
118     /*bufferevent_write(bev, MESSAGE, strlen(MESSAGE));*/
119 }
120 
121 static void conn_readcb(struct bufferevent *bev, void *) {
122     struct evbuffer *input = bufferevent_get_input(bev);
123     printf("readcb\n");
124     int len = evbuffer_get_length(input);
125     if (len != 0) {
126         printf("readcb parse_message\n");
127         char* buf = new char[len]();
128         evbuffer_copyout(input, buf, len);
129         delete[] buf;
130     }
131     bufferevent_write(bev, MESSAGE, strlen(MESSAGE));
132 }
133 
134 static void conn_writecb(struct bufferevent *bev, void *user_data) {
135     struct evbuffer *output = bufferevent_get_output(bev);
136     if (evbuffer_get_length(output) == 0) {
137         printf("flushed answer\n");
138         /*bufferevent_free(bev);*/
139     }
140 }
141 
142 static void conn_eventcb(struct bufferevent *bev, short events, void *user_data) {
143     if (events & BEV_EVENT_EOF) {
144         printf("Connection closed.\n");
145     } else if (events & BEV_EVENT_ERROR) {
146         printf("Got an error on the connection: %s\n",
147             strerror(errno));/*XXX win32*/
148     }
149     /* None of the other events can happen here, since we haven't enabled
150      * timeouts */
151     bufferevent_free(bev);
152 }
153 
154 static void signal_cb(evutil_socket_t sig, short events, void *user_data) {
155     struct event_base *base = (struct event_base*)user_data;
156     struct timeval delay = { 10 };
157 
158     printf("Caught an interrupt signal; exiting cleanly in one second.\n");
159 
160     event_base_loopexit(base, &delay);
161 }
162 
163 static void user_event_cb(evutil_socket_t, short events, void *user_data) {
164     printf("user event %04x fired!!!!!\n", events);
165     struct event_base *base = (struct event_base*)user_data;
166     /*event_base_dump_events(base, stdout);*/
167 }
168 
169 static struct event* init_user_event(struct event_base* base) {
170     struct event *ev_user = NULL;
171     struct timeval timeout = { 20 };
172     ev_user = event_new(base, -1, EV_TIMEOUT|EV_READ, user_event_cb, base);
173     /*event_add(ev_user, &timeout);*/
174     return ev_user;
175 }
176 
177 static void* user_event_proc(void* data) {
178     printf("start user event thread\n");
179     struct event *ev_user = (struct event*)data;
180     char buf[512] = {0};
181 
182     while(1) {
183         fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), stdin);
184         printf("read %d bytes from stdio, now fire user event\n"0);
185         event_active(ev_user, EV_READ|EV_WRITE, 1);
186     }
187     return NULL;
188 }

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